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After the Taliban victory, Washington could take its distance from Pakistan -!

after-the-taliban-victory,-washington-could-take-its-distance-from-pakistan-!

Twenty years later, the Taliban recaptured Kabul from a US-backed government, and the divide between Pakistan and the United States is likely to widen again. “Pakistan is too important to be permanently ignored by the United States, but this time the Americans will take more time to determine the depth of their relationship with Pakistan,” said Husain Haqqani, former Pakistani ambassador to Washington. The two-decade-long conflict in Afghanistan was accompanied by a highly turbulent relationship between the United States and Pakistan, as the Pakistani leader at the time of 11 September 2001, General Pervez Musharraf, had promised “unwavering support” after the attacks. Limited offer. 2 months for 1 € without commitment In the hope of rallying a Pakistani population skeptical of the United States, John Kerry, who was then a senator, had led the efforts in 2009 to set up a campaign of aid for Pakistan to the tune of 1.5 billion dollars per year. But US suspicions that the influential Pakistani armed forces and intelligence services were playing a double game came to light when the world’s most wanted man, Osama bin Laden, was found and killed by an American commando team. in Pakistan in 2011. And, in 2018, the United States of Donald Trump ended their military aid to Islamabad. Hussain Haqqani, now a researcher at the Hudson Institute, says Pakistan has sought some recognition from the United States for bringing the Taliban to the negotiating table with the Afghan government as part of the withdrawal. American forces. But, in Washington circles, “what everyone remembers is what Americans see as Pakistan’s role in allowing the Taliban to survive the American setback after the 11 – September, “says Mr. Haqqani. While many Pakistanis see themselves as “scapegoats”, Mr. Haqqani points out that Pakistan has not really helped his case with the “triumphalism” displayed by some, including Prime Minister Imran Khan who said the Taliban had “broken the chains of slavery”. – Indian prism – Pakistan, ally of the United States since the Cold War, worked with Washington in the years 1980 to support the Islamist guerrillas fighting the Soviet troops. As Washington’s interest waned, Afghanistan remained mired in war, and Pakistan openly supported the Taliban and their harsh version of Islam during their time in power between 1996 and 2001. Islamabad has long seen the Afghan issue through an Indian prism, Pakistan’s historic rival having since injected $ 3 billion in aid into Afghanistan 2001 to fight the influence of the Taliban, fierce supporters of militants anti-Indians. Madiha Afzal, a researcher at the Brookings Institution, believes that the elites in Pakistan nevertheless did not want a total victory for the Taliban. “This kind of total military victory puts Pakistan in a position where it will probably be less able to control the Taliban because they feel victorious,” she said. Islamabad also fears privately of “terrible security consequences”, the victory in Afghanistan being able to give wings to the Taliban of Pakistan in their own campaign of violence, underlines the researcher. President Joe Biden has confirmed the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan in part because the stuck conflict represented a diversion of resources in the face of a much greater challenge with rising ambitions from China. As an evocative Cold War rivalry appears to be emerging between the world’s two largest economies, Pakistan has emerged as one of Beijing’s closest allies, which is investing heavily in an “economic corridor” with the Pakistan, while Washington sees India as a key partner. According to Madiha Afzal, China will also be dependent on Pakistan’s ties to the Taliban as it seeks to take advantage of Afghanistan’s underground riches, especially lithium, used in electric vehicles. – Opportunist – Michael Kugelman, South Asia expert at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, says the United States could still decide that Pakistan is the right option to influence the Taliban or, if Islamabad agrees, that the country serve as a base for counterterrorism operations. Visiting Washington shortly before the Taliban took power, Pakistani national security adviser Moeed Yusuf called for a long-term relationship with the United States that would go beyond a single issue. But even though Pakistan has the fifth largest population in the world, the country was only 56 th in trade with the United States in . For the researcher Mahadi Afizal, a withdrawal of Washington in its relations with Islamabad “would only confirm the existing idea in Pakistan that the United States uses Pakistan only opportunistically, when it needs it”. OpinionsIdeas and debatesBy Yascha MounkEconomyNicolas BouzouTribuneFrédéric EncelChroniqueBy Chloé Morin Source: www.lexpress.fr

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