Freinet pedagogy: what is it? Why use it?

Freinet pedagogy: what is it? Why use it?

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Freinet pedagogy: what is it? Why use it?

Freinet pedagogy: what is it? Why use it? We have explained the details of the news, step by step, below. Freinet pedagogy: what is it? Why use it? Keep reading our news. Here are all the details on the subject.

Freinet pedagogy: what is it? Why use it?

Focus at the start of 11 th century, Freinet pedagogy is an alternative education method inviting students to play an active role rather than a passive one. More and more schools, teachers and parents are turning to this practice, which has many benefits for both adults and children.

Recognized and used in dozens of countries in $pe and around the world, the main objective of Freinet’s pedagogy is to link school learning to the specific needs of each child. By giving an active role to each pupil, it intervenes in the natural continuity of family life. This education centered on the child and on the environment in which he evolves is based on active pedagogy. The pupil is an actor and no longer a spectator of his own learning.

What are the origins of Freinet pedagogy?

It was in the first half of the 20 th century that Célestin Freinet and his wife Élise create the Freinet Movement of the Modern School. This general name brings together educational, communication and commercial bodies. The movement is growing rapidly, going from 92 members to 1928, the year of its creation, at 317 members in 1930.

In 1932, the Freinet pedagogy has members in all regions of France and has some 600 members. In 1938, the director Jean-Paul Le Chanois retraces the beginnings of the Freinet pedagogy in a film, École Buissonnière, which promotes the Freinet Movement of the Modern School.

What are the principles of Freinet pedagogy?

Unlike traditional pedagogy based above all on the transmission of knowledge, Freinet pedagogy aims to place the student at the heart of the educational project. It therefore takes into consideration the child’s social environment and supports them in becoming a responsible, autonomous and open person to the world.

Personalized learning

Freinet pedagogy involves in particular an individualized learning rhythm, adapted to each child. Particular attention is thus paid to each child. If a collective roadmap is established, it is then up to each student to define the activities and tasks that they will accomplish individually, according to their own objectives and capacities.

The role of the teacher adhering to the Freinet pedagogy is central. The platform disappears from the class so that the teacher is placed at the same level as his students. Authority is not one of the assets for transmitting knowledge and teaching is no longer based on a hierarchical relationship. The teachers play the role of guides for each of their student.

By focusing on children’s abilities and goals, Freinet pedagogy encourages autonomy. Each child is thus naturally invited to take charge and take responsibility. A flexibility that improves the motivation of children, who have a greater tendency to immerse themselves in their work when they are passionate about it.

Cooperative learning

Freinet education relies on cooperation to help children develop. Group work is encouraged in the different disciplines. The goal of cooperation? Develop children’s communication skills, but also their ability to dialogue and organize. School groups are freely formed for writing, reading and many other disciplines.

The classes themselves operate in cooperation, and many discussions and discussion times punctuate the lessons. This makes it possible to develop the rules of common life, to defuse conflicts and to set up various projects. The cooperative class promotes sharing around the various works carried out, which makes it possible to develop both dialogue and listening.

The spatial organization of the class is also collaborative. In the classes following the Freinet pedagogy, the room is divided into 4 areas: a collaborative work area for group projects, a spacious work area that allows the whole class to meet in front of the teacher, a research area for information equipped with computers to promote autonomy and a library area, where novels, albums and other resources are stored.

Constantly evolving learning

The Freinet teaching method is also based on experimental trial and error: the pupil is encouraged to experiment and no longer to reproduce. It is he who makes his hypotheses and makes his own discoveries. This teaching makes it possible to transform failure into a formative element, while successes make it possible to strengthen self-confidence.

This experimental trial and error also includes a free form of expression for children. Thus, they are invited to make paintings and drawings, to write texts or an individual journal or to express themselves orally or bodily, in a completely free way. The pupil must no longer reproduce but express himself by drawing on his resources and his imagination.

Experimental learning also passes through an unconventional mode of evaluation. Célestin Freinet did not want final assessments and exams to serve as the sole objective. In Freinet’s active teaching method, evaluation has a formative and rewarding vocation: its aim is to highlight not the weak points but the child’s progress.

Why Freinet pedagogy?

There are more and more schools specializing in the Freinet teaching method, and for good reason, it is one of the most modern, effective and child-friendly learning techniques.

Better self-confidence

By leaving more autonomy to the student, the Freinet pedagogy allows him to evolve at his own pace . The evaluation system aimed at highlighting his progress helps him gain self-confidence and boosts his motivation. The lessons are fully adapted to his level and abilities.

Learning community life

The Freinet method is based above all on cooperation. The projects are carried out in groups, which allows the child, from an early age, to confront societal issues. He thus gradually acquires the tools he will need at later age to live with others.

More curious and independent children

Unlike the educational methods found in most traditional French schools, Freinet courses focus above all on the student’s ability to take an interest in the things he is going to learn. The different practices put in place by the teachers allow him to arouse his curiosity and his practical spirit. Qualities that will follow him for many years.

What are the differences between the Freinet school and the Montessori school?

In France, and particularly in the big cities, the Freinet schools and the Montessori schools are meeting more and more success. Both aim to offer alternative school work, focused on students’ individuality and their personal development. But what are the differences between the Freinet techniques and the Montessori techniques, the two most famous active teaching methods?

School, between play and work

In Montessori pedagogy, the child is invited to carry out an activity plan with a beginning and end with the objective of building knowledge. The Freinet methods, too, develop a personal work plan for each child. However, in the latter, the emphasis is on the autonomy of the pupil and the learning course is adapted to his capacities.

Different workplaces

The Freinet method teacher focuses his course on the freedom and free expression of children, while the Montessori method teacher creates an environment favorable to the development of the child. The teacher Freinet uses experience as a learning engine, while the Montessori teacher offers to experiment and act more easily.

The organization of the school

Freinet school teaching practices involve leaving aside the teacher’s platform, who is placed at the same level as his students. Montessori school teaching practices, for their part, are based on the homogeneity of children by age group, which is not the case with Freinet. However, the school teaching practices of the two schools are reflected in the fact that the pupil chooses his tasks.

What is protopedagogy?

Protopedagogy is a term more and more used: one finds it in particular in the initial text of the Freinet Movement of the Modern School created by Célestin Freinet. It defines the pedagogy of tomorrow, that which takes into account each child in his individuality.

Protopedagogy can be seen as a new method of education. It appeared in the years 1928 in Paris then spread throughout France . It concerns both the Freinet and Montessori methods since it affects active pedagogy more broadly. Reading a text or a book, mathematics, writing a journal or even science are taught in an alternative way, leaving the choice of learning to the children.

Learning because you want to learn, that could be the leitmotif of protopedagogy.


Very focused on pyscho and sexo subjects, Leila Gheiro is a versatile journalist who loves to vary the themes and explore subjects to tackle it in all its …

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