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Hybrid or plug-in? These are all their differences -!

Hybrid or plug-in? These are all their differences -!: All the details about Hybrid or plug-in? These are all their differences -! are on topwhich.com. I am happy to present you all the developments about Hybrid or plug-in? These are all their differences -! Here’s what you need to know about Hybrid or plug-in? These are all their differences -!, Here are the details … Within the wide market of electrified cars, there are also pure hybrids and plug-in hybrids, two technologies that are very similar but have their nuances with which they manage to differentiate one from the other. Both are the intermediate step before the car 100% electric, but which is conformed as the great evolution of the traditional combustion. We know what they are, what they are based on and how they work.

Although it may seem like it, or although many today point directly to a single direction, that of electricity, the truth is that not everything is in it. At least when it comes to the one who does it in the purest way. It is true that they are the closest option for the future and the one that is presented as the best view for urban mobility.

Hybrids and plug-ins win in the market

And it is true that its expansion is unstoppable and it has more and more weighty arguments, so it is unquestionable to look at them for many reasons why the step should be. In any case, it is true that everything does not stop there. There are other types of engines and technologies that are currently very plausible.

We refer to the two alternatives to the car 100% electric: the pure hybrids (or self-charging) and the plug-ins . Two high-growth modalities that are attracting the great attention of many today. In fact, in relation to them, the sales figures do not stop increasing, being today the favorite option for many users when it comes to directing towards the purchase of a new vehicle.

In those, there are vehicles for families or focused on cargo and transport, there are those that bet on the sports line, while others do it, above all, for safety. There are higher ones, with greater speed, with better extras or, even, manual or with automatic transmission. But much of that attention is seen in aspects such as the efficiency of the car or the kilometers it is capable of traveling in terms of electric autonomies. Because if; Although they are not fully electric cars, they do consist of systems with which it is possible to use EV modes.

Basic Fundamentals

That the future of the automobile is marked by the reduction of pollution, by a cleaner and more respectful mobility is beyond doubt. A future that is still somewhat far away, not much, but there is still a certain way to go. The first step has already been taken, thanks to hybrid cars, which have evolved towards plug-in hybrids .

They are two very similar ways of applying electrification , although different in certain details that can make one more interesting than the other. Mainly, a plug-in car and a conventional hybrid car (also called PHEV and HEV, respectively) are practically the same.

The two alternatives have a propulsion group consisting of a hybrid motor and an electric motor , which work alone or in combination, depending on the conditions and power requirements of the driver. For this they incorporate a very complex electronic management, but whose operation goes completely unnoticed without the driver being able to appreciate real differences with any other vehicle with a conventional motor. And this is precisely one of the greatest achievements of this technology.

It has also been heard well of the mild hybrid or soft hybridization cars, closer to the HEV conventional, but of which it is a different type of hybrid. This is the one that has an additional battery of 48 volts that helps the combustion engine but in no case can move the car by itself.

In any case, although both share some characteristics, such as low direct emissions, that they can be recharged and that they are equipped with electric motorization, they are vehicles that are different in terms of operation . Therefore, these differences between hybrids and plug-in hybrids are accentuated when we delve a little deeper into both.

How is each operation

) Regardless of its specification, conventional self-recharging or plug-in, both carry the same scheme. A hybrid propulsion system that consists of a battery, an electric motor and a combustion motor , which by preference of manufacturers and brands, can be either gasoline or diesel. Also, both are measured in horses (CV).

That’s the generic definition, but when we dig a little deeper is when differences begin to emerge. To put ourselves, the batteries of these cars are an energy accumulator that is recharged by an electricity source. This is where the first distances come in.

In the case of those that are plug-in hybrids, this is done through a cable and a plug (there are several types for different powers and charging speeds). While what happens in a conventional one is that this element is not required, but they are recharged with driving and its battery feeds the electric motor so that it assists the combustion engine. But there are more details that exemplify them in an outstanding way.

Self-recharging hybrids (HEV). The former combine the conventional system with the modern one, an internal combustion engine plus the technology of an electric propulsion system. They offer improved performance and fuel economy, although their electric range is much more limited, between 1 and 3 kilometers. Plug-in hybrids (PHEV). In the case of the latter, these have a priority autonomous and fully electric motor powered by a rechargeable battery, but also a combustion engine. The motor Motor or together. As it is rechargeable externally, its batteries are larger, allowing an autonomy of between 40 and 80 km, in The best case.

What benefits do they have

Here it is done from characteristics as important as the capacity of recovery, the loudness or even the vibrations that are transmitted to the cabin. These are also part of those peculiarities that place some models above their rivals. In the aspect of acceleration, plug-in vehicles have a characteristic that makes them quite different from the rest: and that is that they have all the torque from practically the moment of starting, as is also the case with the pure electric ones.

Thus, the truth is that the combination of two types of mechanics makes plug-in hybrids offer superior performance in some aspects such as the aforementioned autonomy and its maximum speed, which can easily reach The 250 km / h in some cases of BMW or Mercedes.

This is where the HEV significantly loses. This is not for any other reason than because their technology, despite the fact that they continue to mount motors and electrical systems, has lagged somewhat behind since it is the first evolution of the automotive industry since the traditional combustion cars.

Looking at it from your travel companion, the electric motor used in plug-in hybrids is also smaller and lighter, as well as much more efficient. It turns very fast , and a gear change is not necessary to regulate the energy that comes out of it and transmit it to the asphalt (however, they are sometimes coupled to the same gearbox. In addition, As they work with very high voltages, there are a large number of electronic components around this motor that manage their correct work.

Its advantages

As we mentioned, both are very different cars. And it depends on what we are looking for, one or the other will be better adapted to our needs. In this way, a conventional car is a very efficient car, which allows us to save consumption and emissions , with an ideal electric autonomy for journeys in the city. And, as we have said, it does not need to be plugged in.

For its part, a PHEV is a car that allows you to do many kilometers with zero emissions and without fuel consumption. When choosing, you should also note that you need a point to recharge the batteries of a plug-in hybrid. With the electric hybrid that will not be necessary. It is then that we see that each one has its own advantages that make them gain integers from one side and the other, but from what they are also made with quite particular features among themselves.

Emissions

Beyond their engines and technological aspects such as the battery, both report quite efficient environmental emissions. In fact, although both vehicles carry thermal propellants, like the usual conventional ones, they are very far from what they expel into the atmosphere in CO2.

In any case, it is true that here those of the most modern generation, the PHEVs, are much better. This is because they have several similarities to electric cars. It is true that it does not do it in a total way as an EV model would, but compared to its predecessor it wins a lot .

That means that they can circulate around the city without polluting and when the battery runs out, it switches to hybrid mode to travel long distances. Likewise, and at a distance from the former, these vehicles have the Zero emissions label from the DGT, which allows them to take advantage of all the advantages of pure electric vehicles. The self-rechargeable ones do it with the ECO.

Recharge

The electric motors of the PHEVs are more powerful than the HEVs , so the recharging of the battery can be done in charging stations, or in domestic sockets such as wallboxes, a tool widely used for electrified ones that require an external power supply.

In contrast, recharging HEV batteries can only be done with deceleration or braking. In a matter of time, of course, the seconds take much longer since its battery is larger, but because they also require more energy, while conventional hybrids do it at the time of their circulation with regenerative braking.

Consumption

Where else the benefits of hybridization are exploited in an HEV is in urban circulation. In this environment the consumption is lower because at stops and when driving at low speed, the combustion engine does not start as often. With plug-in hybrids, the opposite is true.

And it is that we will be able to circulate for more kilometers in electric mode, where its advantages in consumption are also taken advantage of in extra-urban traffic. However, to benefit from its greater level of autonomy, we will need to have a recharging point in your garage or workplace, and a wide network of chargers that allow you to charge it on all your trips.

Circulation by city

On the other hand, it may be that we are users who move around the city. There, entirely, those who refer to as conventional hybrids win, a good solution compared to plug-ins. So much, that as it can be provided with the electric ones, here is its total difference.

Because ue if we are to make many short trips and we use the car daily -and you do not do more than 48 or 80 kilometers per day-, these will be the best choice. They are especially appropriate if we make these trips in an urban environment, since that is when the electric motors shine especially. In the city this type of car works incredibly well, since the fact of braking every so often means that the battery of the electric motor does not run out. In addition, for those who do not have the possibility of a plug it is a very comfortable solution.

Driving modes

This is an important point that will benefit some more than others. We refer to the driving modes available in some cars or others. Here we point directly to the rechargeable ones, where we can choose the form and the conduction regardless of the route we make.

Or what is the same: if we live outside a big city and to reach our destination we have to travel distances to enter the ring road, we can use the driving mode in which the propulsion system maintains the battery with the initial charge level , so that when entering the restricted city area you can connect the mode 100% electrical to not emit polluting particles. In both cases, a smoother and noise-free ride is enjoyed when the electric motor starts up.

Prices

Finally, it is necessary to speak of the economic differences. The purchase price of a HEV is lower than a PHEV , mainly due to the level of benefits. Even so, depending on the use that we are going to give it, in the long run it may be cheaper.

Therefore, if we are to frequently access the city center, we park in regulated areas and take advantage of its autonomy in electric mode because we have a charging point, take account because the extra cost of a PHEV could be amortized faster than you could. think.